Disaster Types Man-madeNaturalPlanning
What is a Disaster?
A disaster is an incident or event which:
- Threatens personnel, buildings or the organisational structure of an organisation; and
- Requires special measures to be taken to restore things back to normal.
The Crisis Phase is under the overall responsibility of the Incident Control Team (ICT). It:
- Comprises the first few hours after a disruptive event starts or the threat of such an event is first identified; and
- Is caused by, for example:
- Ongoing physical damage to premises which may be life threatening, such as a fire; or
- Restricted access to premises, such as a police cordon after a bomb incident or discovery of asbestos in the premises.
The Fire And Other Emergency Evacuation Procedures will apply; and
The emergency services should be summoned as appropriate.
- Assess the situation; and
- Decide if and when to activate the BCP.
A Crisis Phase may not actually have occurred but a potentially threatening situation may have been identified which would warrant calling out the BCT to monitor events, for example a fire has broken out in the building next door which, if not brought under control quickly, may damage business premises and will certainly require evacuation procedures to be invoked.
The Recovery Phase may last from a few days to several months after a disaster and ends when normal operations can restart in the affected premises or replacement premises, if appropriate.
During the Recovery Phase:
- Essential operations will be restarted (this could be at temporary premises) by one or more Recovery Teams using the BCP; and
- The essential operations will continue in their recovery format until normal conditions are resumed.
This phase restores conditions to normal. It will start with a damage assessment, usually within a day or so of the disaster, and may identify any need for refurbishment or even replacement of the premises.
This phase will not occur if physical damage did not happen. When the cause for evacuation or stopping of operations has ended, normal working will be restarted. During the Restoration phase any damage to the premises and facilities will be repaired.
Pack an Emergency Preparedness Kit
- Drinking water (at least one gallon per person per day)
- Nonperishable food, such as canned veggies and protein bars
- Manual can opener
- Flashlights or portable lanterns and extra batteries
- First aid kit
- A crank- or battery-powered radio
- Sanitation supplies: toilet paper, moist towelettes, soap, trash bags and disinfectants
- Local maps
Depending on your situation, your kit might also include:
- Baby food, bottles and diapers
- Pet food
- Prescription medications
- Extra eyeglasses or contact lenses and solution
- Dry clothing and blankets
Create and Practice aDisasterBusiness ContinuityPlan
- Where to shelter
- A route for evacuation
- Getting emergency alerts and warnings
- Family communication
As you're creating your disaster plan, keep the following preparation elements in mind:
Sign up for severe weather alerts in your area.
Program emergency numbers into your phone.
Decide on a meeting place for your family to gather.
Plan escape routes from your home and neighborhood. Remember, roads could be blocked in large-scale disasters. Have at least one alternate route — or more if possible.
Be sure all adult and teenage family members know how to shut off gas, electric and water lines if there's a leak or electrical short. Keep the necessary tools easily accessible, and make sure everyone knows where these are.
Consider learning CPR and first aid training.
Remember your pets. Bring dogs and cats inside during a catastrophe or make a plan for how you'll evacuate with them. Make sure they have ID tags.
- manage the risks which could result in disastrous events and thus minimise the likelihood of a disaster occurring;
- reduce the time taken to recover when an incident occurs; and
- minimise the risks involved in the recovery process by making the critical decisions in advance in stress-free conditions.
- Risk reduction - the management of risks to prevent a disaster. This is done by identifying and assessing the risks faced by a Department at their premises which could result in a disaster;
- Emergency Plan - crisis management of the incident when it occurs (Incident Control) to prevent it from developing into a disaster, and to lessen its impact. The priority is to evacuate staff and others when this is necessary, but essential or valuable information and objects can often be rescued without risk to personal safety;
- Business Continuity Plan - a Plan for the fast, efficient resumption of essential business operations by directing the recovery actions of specified recovery teams. The three elements to consider are the continuity of:
- office services - premises, furniture, stationery etc;
- information technology - communications and computing services; and
- human and other resources - ensuring that staff:
- are aware of the alternative arrangements;
- have the resources they need; and
- are productively employed.
identify which operations and supporting activities need to be restarted after a disaster, the maximum acceptable time limits by which they must restart, and the resources needed to restart them;
identify contingencies for the required resources;
select a cost-effective strategy for restarting operations;
develop the BCP to guide and direct the restart of operations;
test the BCP, train staff in how to use it, and keep it up to date.